Governor and Staff viewing the Homeland Security Drill

Governor O'Malley tracking events during the blizzard of 2010

Interoperable Communications
First responders in every region in Maryland should have access to a fully digital, trunked radio system which all response partners can access in order to transmit and receive voice and data. First responders in every region should have robust CAD/RMS systems capable of coordinating dispatch data for all response partners and capable of transmitting data to systems such as WebEOC for consolidation and roll up of regional CAD data.

ambulance driver on the radio

Intelligence/Information Sharing
Law enforcement officers in every region in Maryland should have the ability to transmit and receive law enforcement database information from the field and share that information on a real-time basis. Marylandís fusion center should share useful and actionable information from the field and from regional and federal counterparts with every jurisdiction on a real time basis.

Fireman responding to an explosion

HAZ MAT/Explosive Device Response
Every metropolitan region should have a Type 1 Haz Mat team and a Type 1 bomb response team, either as one unit, or separate units, and there should be sufficient units statewide to provide a mutual aid response in any jurisdiction within a minimal amount of time.
These teams should all be trained for both fire and law enforcement response.

Fireman in full gear

Personal Protective Equipment for First Responders
All police officers, firefighters, and emergency medical providers in every metropolitan region should have ready and immediate access to personal protective equipment, including at a minimum some form of emergency airway protection, access to more advanced breathing apparatus and protective suits, and medications and antidotes against common WMD agents, and the training to use this equipment properly. All police officers, firefighters, and emergency medical providers in rural regions should have ready and immediate access to personal protective equipment appropriate to local hazards.

Emergency Room sign

Biosurveillance
Every region in Maryland should have access to a real-time, 24/7 statewide biosurveillance system that incorporates a wide span of data, including symptoms presenting in emergency rooms and to paramedics, over-the-counter sales of pharmaceuticals, animal carcass pick up, and in metropolitan areas, sensor-based data, such as air monitoring for chemical and radiological releases.

Emergency  sign

Cyber Security and Critical Infrastructure Protection
All critical government computer networks and systems should be protected from cyber attack. Critical private sector entities including utilities should be included in cyber security planning, training, and exercising. The State should be able to effectively respond to cyber incidents involving public and private networks that impact the well-being of Maryland residents, businesses, and the ability of the State to provide essential government services. Maryland should have a complete and prioritized inventory of critical infrastructure, including assets controlled by the private sector, and a system for securing high-priority targets or populations of interest.

Biohazard Clean up exercise

Training and Exercises
Every region in Maryland should have a fully funded program of annual training and preparedness exercises which address the most likely hazards and threats for that area, including drills with partner jurisdictions who may provide mutual aid at least twice per year. The training and exercise program should include refresher training on specialized and personal protective equipment and exercise in core competency areas such as the use of interoperable communications equipment.

CCTV in Use sign

CCTV
Maryland should have a robust closed circuit television (CCTV) network to secure critical infrastructure such as power and water treatment plants and to provide the ability to monitor events in real time via means such as highway cameras to aid in evacuation control, and patrol car, helicopter, and marine unit downlinks to aid in incident response. Images should transmit to IP in order to be portable to and from key local and state facilities, such as emergency operations centers and mobile command posts.

Firefighters airlifting people.

Mass Casualty/Hospital Surge
Every region in Maryland should have the equipment, supplies, and training to respond to a mass casualty event either directly or via close at hand mutual aid, including events requiring mass decontamination. Maryland should have pre-identified surge plans from areas hospitals that identify likely gaps in hospital resources, a statewide information sharing systems between hospitals (both electronic, and MOU-type agreements), supply stockpiles, and emergency plans for alternate treatment, such as temporary field hospitals.

Hurricane evacuation sign

Planning
Every region in Maryland should have the capacity to develop plans to conduct no-notice and advance notice evacuation of its population, including special needs populations, persons without transportation, and vulnerable facilities such as hospitals, nursing homes, and assisted living centersóand in conjunction with partners, access to the equipment, personnel and supplies to carry out these plans. Every region should have plans and the capacity to set up mass shelters, including accommodations for special needs populations and pets. Plans should be shared and coordinated regionally and exercised annually at least at the tabletop level.

Electric Company working on the power lines

Backup Power and Communications
Every region in Maryland should have an inventory of preidentified critical facilities, including privately owned facilities such as gas stations, and an up to date assessment of their backup power capabilities. The most critical facilities should receive permanent backup generators or be prewired for power from mobile units, and a stockpile of publicly owned or inventory of privately-owned generators should be maintained. Every region should have a backup 911 system, whether it is an alternate facility or the means to roll calls over to a neighboring jurisdiction.

Port of Baltimore

Transportation Security
Marylandís water ports, airports, train stations, subways, and rail lines should be fully hardened against attack with permanent physical countermeasures such as CCTV, lighting and fencing, and receive regular and randomly assigned heightened attention from covert and overt patrols by local and state law enforcement. Local and mutual aid first responders should be issued specialized equipment needed to operate in these unique environments, such as radios capable of operating underground and extended life breathing apparatus, and participate in annual on-scene exercises involving likely threat scenarios.